History 311 traces the earliest development of modern Britain as it emerges to become an imperial, industrial, and economic power in the 18th and early 19th centuries. This transformation from regional power to global power has both domestic and international ramifications. What were the local conditions - social, economic, and political - that affected the growth of Britain in this period? Why did Britain "industrialize" first and how did local innovation and enterprise push the nation to the forefront of colonial and imperial ventures in this period? This period is set against the backdrop of major European and colonial events that not only provide context to British history but also the impetus for great change: the European Enlightenment and Scientific Revolution; American Revolution; French Revolution and the succeeding Age of Revolutions that would spark Britain's own Reform movements by mid-century. This period ends with the earliest years of Victoria's reign and the triumph of British industrial and imperial power.